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Yangon, the capital city, is the gateway to Myanmar. Evergreen and cool with lush tropical trees, shady parks and beautiful lakes. Landmark "Shwedagon Pagoda" with amazing mix of pavilions, stupas, images and bells. "Bogyoke Market" is the famous shopping center.
Yangon is the capital of Myanmar and the main gate way to Myanmar. It is located in the fertile delta country of southern Myanmar on the side Yangon River, about 30 km from the Andaman Sea. It is attractive with colonial building since it was a British colony for years.
Yangon also known as Dagon, was founded by King Okkalapa. King Alaungpaya conquered the lower Myanmar in 1755 and renamed Dagon to Yangon. Yangon means “End of Strife Yangon covers 265 sq km and population is over 6 million. Yangon has green tropical trees, shady parks and beautiful lakes, so called “Garden City".
Yangon has many major famous historic pagodas such as Shwedagon, Sule, Botataung and tourist attractions such as Museums, Parks, Lake, the famous shopping center Bogyoke market (Scott’s market) and many places of recreation. Two natural lakes, Kandawgyi close to the city center, and Inya Lake, outside town, add to the pleasant atmosphere.
Yangon International Airport is 30 minutes drive from downtown. There has variety of hotels, motels and inns, ranges from 5 star hotels to small cheap inn elsewhere in the city. Yangon has Myanmar, Japanese, Chinese, European, Indian, Thai, Korean, French, Italian, Vietnamese restaurants.
Shwedagon is the world famous pagoda and also the main attraction of Yangon. Towering the green cityscape of Yangon, the Shwedagon Pagoda is the prominent landmark visible from miles around.
It is a one of the wonders of the world and believed to have been built since 2500 years ago where the Buddha’s relics were enshrined during the Buddha’s life time. Successive Kings had embellished the pagoda during the 15th century and Queen Shin Saw Pu raised it to present height. It is plated with more than 30 tons of gold and towering 98 m (326 feet) over the city is the first sacred monument. The hill on which the stupa stands is 58 m and the platform covers over 5 hectares.
It is surrounded by many donated Buddha images, ornate structures, and tile walkways where the faithful and curious alike come to marvel at its magnificence. Lengthy staircases lined with stalls selling religious articles, Silverwares Souvenirs, Lacquer-wares Handicrafts, flowers, ceremonial umbrellas, and etc. Shwedagon Pagoda is the emblem and pride of Myanmar, the Golden Land.
Shwedagon Tabaung Festival is held every year in March Full Moon Day and Pilgrims come from every where of Myanmar to attend the Festival because of the summer school holidays. The whole year round also have the different month Full Moon Festivals. The best to visit Shwedagon Pagoda is at sunset under the rays of the sun, main gilded stupa shining with the gold color.
The Mahawizaya Pagoda is situated 500 yards from famous Shwedagon Pagoda, at the corner of Shwedagon Pagoda Road and Oo Htaung Bo Street. This pagoda is a unique blend of traditional pattern and the modern styles. It was built on the hill of Damara Khita, area of 11.099 acres and founded on 25 July - 980. There are total height of 134 ft and base of 165 ft and 8 inches. It is not a solid structure and has a hollow of 60 ft diameter and 46 ft height. The sanctum contains the finely wrought Buddha image and the reliquary donated by the King and Queen of Nepal.
Chauk Htat Gyi Pagoda, a Reclining Buddha Image with an enigmatic smile on his delicate lips is situated on Shwegondine Road a short distance from Shwedagon Pagoda. The original image was built in 1907 but it suffered climatic damage over the years and demolished and rebuilt to this structure in 1966. It is one of the largest images in Myanmar and especially famous for the 108 distinguishing marks or symbols on the soles of his two huge feet. There are many monasteries surrounding the Reclining Image.
Kaba Aye Pagoda is located on the way from Yangon International Airport to downtown. Kaba Aye means in Myanmar “World Peace and it was built in 1952. The interior of the monument, however, is hollow and inside are some Buddhist sculpture; including a four-sided Buddhist image sculpture. Near to the Pagoda lied a Great artificial Mahapasana cave, men-made cave for religious ceremonies and gatherings. This cave is 139 meters long, 113 meters wide and significant for commemorate the sixth Buddhist Synod which was held in its large compound in 1954 to celebrate the 2,500th anniversary of Buddha’s enlightenment. It is close to Gems Museum and Gems Mart with Jeweler shops.
Swedaw means Lord Buddha’s Sacred Tooth Relic which was conveyed to the Union of Myanmar from the People’s Republic of China and kept for 45 Days together with two Replica Tooth Relics of Myanmar. One of these was enshrined in the Buddha’s Replica Tooth Pagoda on Dhammapala Hill in Mayangone Township, Yangon. The pagoda was built with cash donations contributed by the Myanmar people and Buddhist donors under the supervision of the Myanmar government. The Myanmar government authorities and donors hoisted the Pagoda Shwe Htidaw (sacred golden umbrella), Hnget-myat-na-daw (sacred bird perch vane) and Sein Phudaw (sacred diamond bud) on the 24th November 1996.
Mei La Mu Pagoda is a wonder land of spired pagodas and sculpture figures located in North Okkalapa, suburb area of Yangon. Mei La Mu means a girl born from the fruit of La Mu tree. She became according to the story, the mother of King of Okkalapa founder of Yangon. This Pagoda is famous for the giant images depicting Buddha’s earlier lives.
Sule Pagoda is situated right in the centre of Yangon and also the landmark and heart of Yangon. It is just across Ministry of Hotels and Tourism building. It is said to enshrine a hair of Buddha and have been over 2000 years old too. Sule Pagoda is extra ordinary in its octagonal shape and stands 152 feet (46 meters) high. It is surrounded by small shops and all the familiar non-religious services such as astrologists, palmist, photographers, and so on. It can be called an oasis of peace in the heart of the busy modern Yangon.
China town is situated in the southern part of Yangon near Yangon River. It is famous for the morning bazaar and also it has an attractive night time with colorful shops and varieties of delicious Chinese food. Also famous for the hundred of gold shops which are full with quality and guarantee gold.
Bogyoke Market was first built in 1926 and formerly known as Scott Market. Nowadays, it is called Bogyoke Aung San Market in honor of our national leader General Aung San. It is situated in the heart of Yangon, on Bogyoke Aung San Road. It is the main shopping and souvenirs centre in Yangon. The market is open daily from 10:00 am to 5:00 pm except gazette holidays. There are some 2000 shops selling Myanmar arts & handicrafts, lacquer ware, wood & ivory carving, tapestries, silver ware, brass ware, silk & cotton fabrics, clothing, fashion, traditional costumes of ethnic tribes, luxury items, food stuffs, consumer goods, bags, rattan, herbal medicines, antiques, jewelry such as world known Myanmar rubies and quality sapphires, jades, pearls, etc.
Botataung Pagoda stands on the riverbank of Yangon River. The location is the busy waterfront with wharves, their daily traffic of steamer and boats. Botataung means “One Thousand Military Officers. The stupa is 40 meter high and it is a holy type. Its hollow inside can walk through and the interior of the room is a sort of mirrored maze with glass showcase and display with donated valuable items, ancient relic and artifacts which were sealed inside the earlier pagoda. It is said to have the genuine hair relics of Buddha.
National Museum is situated on Pyay Road in Dagon Township. The newly built five-storied building has been opened to the public since 1996. The visitors will find the history of Myanmar Country, the miniature models of the Royal apartments, Myanmar Art Gallery, Buddha Images Showroom, culture of National Races and etc. It opens 10:00 to 15:30 hours from Tuesday to Sunday except gazette holidays.
Htauk Kyant War Memorial Cemetery is located in Mingaladon Township, Yangon Division about 32 km from Yangon, on the way to Bago. There had 27000 stones-graves of Commonwealth and Allied Forces Fallen Soldiers in the Myanmar Campaign during World War II were honorably kept. The cemetery is calm, peaceful and beautifully kept ground maintained by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission. The relatives of the Allied Forces Fallen Soldier throughout the world used to visit the said War Memorial Cemetery in Myanmar to pay homage to their respective Allied Forces Fallen Soldiers Graves.
Bago, an ancient capital of Mon Kingdom is one of the richest archaeological sites in Myanmar. Bago was greatly flourished from the 14th through 17th century and that of the Second Myanmar Empire founded by King Bayintnaung.
The first settlement on the site of present Bago are Mon people who founded their principal city named "Oktha Bago" in 9th century. In 11 century, it fell under the first Myanmar Empire of Bagan. Then, it became again the capital of Mon Kingdom in 14th century, and was known as "Hanthawaddy Bago". At that time, it was an active habour for marine trade. In the 17th century, the Myanmar annexed it again and the king chose it as the royal capital of second Myanmar Empire. There were 42 kings in the Bago Dynasty. Razadirit, Queen Shin Saw Pu, Dhamazedi and King Bayinnaung were great rulers.
Ancient capital Bago located on the eastern bank of the Bago River was once a splendid city and important seaport. It is now serving as a collecting centre for paddy, bamboo, and timber logs. Bago makes several brands of typical Myanmar products and is famous for its cheroot industry. And it is also a home of variety of handicrafts.
Places of interest in Bago are Shwemawdaw Pagoda, the highest pagoda in Myanmar with the elevation of 117 metres, built over 2,000 years ago by two merchants of Taphussa and Bhallika; the famous Kalyani Sima, Ordination Hall; Shwethalyaung Reclining Buddha, which was built during 9th century and one of the most elegant reclining Buddha images, stretching 55 metres long and 16 metres high; 28 metres high four huge Buddha images of Kyaikpun Pagoda; the palace of King Bayinnaung and the Bago Market
The Shwemawdaw pagoda is one of the most venerated pagodas in Myanmar. The pagoda rising 114 metres high from an octagonal base is overlooking the plain and can be seen even 10 kilometres from the city. Each side of its octagonal base measures 49 metres. The octagonal base stands on two terraces, each about three metres high. Four stairways lead up to the terraces.
According to the legend, this pagoda was constructed by two merchants of Mon brothers, Taphussa and Bhallika to enshrine two hair relics of Buddha, which they brought from India. The pagoda dates back over 1000 years. It was originally built to a height to 23 metres in the 8th century. Then, it has been enlarged and rebuilt several times through the centuries due to the damages of earthquakes. Those of 1912, 1917 and 1930 destroyed the pagoda completely and it was rebuilt to its present height in 1954. As the Shwemawdaw pagoda houses a number of Holy Relics of the Buddha, it is visited by throngs of Buddhist pilgrims during all hours of the day and night.
More than 1,000 years old colossal reclining Buddha of Shwe-tha-hlaung is one of the biggest and considered to be the most life like statuaries in Myanmar. It is also one of the most revered statues, which was built in 994 AD by King Mingadippa. The Image is measuring 55 metres long and 16 metres high.
When Bago was overrun by invaders in 1757, this massive reclining Image was neglected and left to decay. It was covered by dense forest and disappeared for 125 years. In 1881, this historic Image was discovered during the construction of the railway line from Yangon to Bago. Then, the Image was unearthed and restored again several times to bring it to the present condition. Moreover, the open-sided pavilion was erected over the Image in 1906. There are also painted glass panels showing scenes of Buddha's life on the wall below the head. They have been wrought in enamel and mosaic.
There are many famous pagodas in Bago. Among them, Mahazedi or "Great Stupa" was originally constructed in 1560 AD by King Bayintnaung. The duplicate tooth of the Buddha and emerald bowl containing more of Buddha's relics gained from Sri Lanka was once enshrined inside the stupa. In the 17 century, the relic was conveyed to upper Myanmar by a Myanmar king and enshrined in "Kaung-mu-taw" pagoda in Sagaing near Mandalay.
Mahazedi was destroyed during the 1757 sack of Bago and was abandoned. An attempt to rebuild it in 1860 was unsuccessful and was nearly leveled by the great earthquake of 1930, after which it remained in ruin. The current reconstruction was only completed in 1982.
Stairways lead up the outside of the stupa where only men are allowed to ascend the steps to the top of the 100 metres high structure. From the top, it offers a panoramic view on the vicinities. In the precinct of the pagoda, there is a nice little "Ananda" style temple, which features monk and Buddha images around the wall. There is also a particular site called "Bayintnaung aungmyay" where the King "Bayintnaung" ,the Napoleon of Myanmar made a vow for the conquest before he involved in the battle field. Most of Myanmar pilgrims also believe in that particular spot and made a wish for success.
Kyaikpun Buddha Images are situated about 3 kilometres from Bago and lie on the road of Yangon-Bago. The "Kyaikpun Pagoda" consists of 30 metres high four huge Buddha Images made of brick. They are seating back to back against a central square pillar. These Buddha Images were built by King Dhammazedi in 1476 AD and represent the four Buddhas already enlightened in the world. In 1930, one of the four Buddha Images was collapsed by earthquake, leaving only a brick outline although it has been fully restored.
Moeyungyi wetlands are situated in Bago Division, about 70 miles north of Yangon, by the Yangon-Mandalay highway. It is just two-hour drive from Yangon. Every year, millions of birds usually fly from the northern hemisphere to the south along the East Asian Australian Flyway to escape from winter. Moeyungyi is a vital shelter for both resident and migratory waterfowls. A census at Moeyungyi revealed that there are 125 species of waterbirds including 70 species of migrants. The best season to visit is from November to February. In addition to bird watching, you can observe the livelihood of local populace, fauna and flora of the wetlands.
Pyay (PROME) is located about 285 km north of Yangon, on the eastern banks of the Ayeyarwaddy. The word "Pyay" also means in Myanmar, "nation" or "country". This too indicates that Pyay (PROME) and the area around was once the centre of the whole Myanmar nation. It is easily accessible by road or by rail, which takes about 5 hours. A few kilometers north east of the town are Thaye Khittaya (Sri Ksetra), an archaeological site of the ancient Pyu capital (5th to 9th Century). Shwesandaw Pagoda, Hsehtakyi Pagoda, Shwe Phone Pwint Museum, Bawbawgyi Pagoda, Bebegyi Pagoda, Payagyi and Payama Stupas are other places of interest in and around Pyay (PROME). Pyay (PROME) is an important commercial centre controlling the trade between the towns of the Ayeyawaddy delta and central and upper Myanmar and also towards the Rakhine (Arakan) State across the river to the west.
Recently discovered ancient site meaning "custom post" was discovered by the west bank of Ayeyarwady River. Famous for its numerous Buddha statues of different size and posture curved on the rocky bank of the river. Ahkauktaung is a perfect day boat trip from Pyay. On the way back may stop over at Myoma village where you will find a tradition handloom weaving process.
Standing on the platform of this Golden Hair Relic Pagoda, you will hardly overlook the whole city.
An enormous seated Buddha image, rising over 66 meters above the city - it gives Pyay the look of "ANCIENT BEAUTY".
It is a paradise for archeologists. In the compound of the largest and best preserved Pyu settlement you will find the stupas of Bawbawgyi, Bebegyi, Payagyi and Payama, among Myanmar's oldest ones.
This image was built by the most powerful Pyu King, Dattabaung, in the 5th century AD. Soon after the construction he lost his '3rd eye'. He was advised to donate a pair of spectacles to the image - thus he regained the divine-gifted eye sight.
Thanlyin was once an ancient important trading port city of Portuguese during 16th century and early 17th century. The old buildings still stand in evidence of the days of Portuguese occupation. Day return trip to Thanlyin can be done from Yangon Jetty, it takes 45 minutes by ferry boat and about 30 minutes driving hour by car through 1822 meter long, Thanlyin Bridge over the Bago River. The famous pagodas in Thanlyin are Kyaik Khauk Pagoda and Yele Pagoda. Kyaik Kyauk Pagoda is built on a hillock of Thanlyin on the road to Kyauktan .Yele (Kyaik Hmaw Wun Pagoda) is located on a small island in the middle of river and pilgrims can reach by ferry boat to the pagoda.
Twante is famous for the 21 miles long Twante Canal that runs a short cut across the Ayeyarwaddy Delta. Cruising to Twante, 24 kilometer from Yangon, takes about two hours along the Twante Canal. Also Twante town is noted for its pottery and cotton-weaving industries and can be seen traditional pot making handed down the generations such as glazed or unglazed, small or large - pots, utensils, flower verses, jars, ash trays and many other things. There is distinct for the potters of Twante and these pots are widely used around the country for cooking, to hold water, to grow flowers and many other purposes. Common other interesting sightseeing for tourist such as Shwesandaw Pagoda, Baungdawgyoke Pagoda and Snake Temple are worth visiting.
408A, Yuzana Condo Tower, 69, Shwegondine Rd, Bahan Township, Yangon, Myanmar. 11201
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